void spkw15_c ( SpiceInt handle,
ConstSpiceChar * frame,
ConstSpiceChar * segid,
ConstSpiceDouble tp ,
ConstSpiceDouble pa ,
ConstSpiceDouble pv ,
SpiceDouble radius )
Write an SPK segment of type 15 given a type 15 data record.
Variable I/O Description
-------- --- --------------------------------------------------
handle I Handle of an SPK file open for writing.
body I Body code for ephemeris object.
center I Body code for the center of motion of the body.
frame I The reference frame of the states.
first I First valid time for which states can be computed.
last I Last valid time for which states can be computed.
segid I Segment identifier.
epoch I Epoch of the periapse.
tp I Trajectory pole vector.
pa I Periapsis vector.
p I Semi-latus rectum.
ecc I Eccentricity.
j2flg I J2 processing flag.
pv I Central body pole vector.
gm I Central body GM.
j2 I Central body J2.
radius I Equatorial radius of central body.
All units are radians, km, seconds.
handle is the file handle of an SPK file that has been
opened for writing.
body is the NAIF ID for the body whose states are
to be recorded in an SPK file.
center is the NAIF ID for the center of motion associated
frame is the reference frame that states are referenced to,
for example "J2000".
first are the bounds on the ephemeris times, expressed as
last seconds past J2000.
segid is the segment identifier. An SPK segment identifier
may contain up to 40 characters.
epoch is the epoch of the orbit elements at periapse
in ephemeris seconds past J2000.
tp is a vector parallel to the angular momentum vector of
the orbit at epoch expressed relative to `frame'. A unit
vector parallel to `tp' will be stored in the output
pa is a vector parallel to the position vector of the
trajectory at periapsis of epoch expressed relative to
`frame'. A unit vector parallel to `pa' will be stored
in the output segment.
p is the semi-latus rectum---p in the equation:
r = p/(1 + ecc*cos(Nu))
ecc is the eccentricity.
j2flg is the J2 processing flag describing what J2
corrections are to be applied when the orbit is
All J2 corrections are applied if the value of j2flg
is not 1, 2 or 3.
If the value of the flag is 3 no corrections are
If the value of the flag is 1 no corrections are
computed for the precession of the line of apsides.
However, regression of the line of nodes is
If the value of the flag is 2 no corrections are
done for the regression of the line of nodes.
However, precession of the line of apsides is
Note that J2 effects are computed only if the orbit
is elliptic and does not intersect the central body.
pv is a vector parallel to the north pole vector of the
central body expressed relative to `frame'. A unit vector
parallel to `pv' will be stored in the output segment.
gm is the central body gm.
j2 is the central body J2 (dimensionless).
radius is the equatorial radius of the central body.
None. A type 15 segment is written to the file attached
1) If the eccentricity is less than zero, the error
SPICE(BADECCENTRICITY) will be signaled.
2) If the semi-latus rectum is 0, the error
SPICE(BADLATUSRECTUM) is signaled.
3) If the pole vector, trajectory pole vector or periapsis vector
have zero length, the error SPICE(BADVECTOR) is signaled.
4) If the trajectory pole vector and the periapsis vector are
not orthogonal, the error SPICE(BADINITSTATE) is signaled.
The test for orthogonality is very crude. The routine simply
checks that the dot product of the unit vectors parallel
to the trajectory pole and periapse vectors is less than
0.00001. This check is intended to catch blunders, not to
enforce orthogonality to double precision capacity.
5) If the mass of the central body is non-positive, the error
SPICE(NONPOSITIVEMASS) is signaled.
6) If the radius of the central body is negative, the error
SPICE(BADRADIUS) is signaled.
7) If the segment identifier has more than 40 non-blank characters
the error SPICE(SEGIDTOOLONG) is signaled.
8) If the segment identifier contains non-printing characters
the error SPICE(NONPRINTABLECHARS) is signaled.
9) If there are inconsistencies in the body, center, frame or
first and last times, the problem will be diagnosed by
a routine in the call tree of this routine.
10) If either the input frame or segment ID string pointer is null,
the error SPICE(NULLPOINTER) is signaled.
11) If either the input frame or segment ID string is empty,
the error SPICE(EMPTYSTRING) is signaled.
A new type 15 SPK segment is written to the SPK file attached
This routine writes an SPK type 15 data segment to the open SPK file
according to the format described in the type 15 section of the SPK
Required Reading. The SPK file must have been opened with write
This routine is provided to provide direct support for the MASL
precessing orbit formulation.
Suppose that at time epoch you have the J2000 periapsis
state of some object relative to some central body and would
like to create a type 15 SPK segment to model the motion of
the object using simple regression and precession of the
line of nodes and apsides. The following code fragment
illustrates how you can prepare such a segment. We shall
assume that you have in hand the J2000 direction of the
central body's pole vector, its GM, J2 and equatorial
radius. In addition we assume that you have opened an SPK
file for write access and that it is attached to handle.
(If your state is at an epoch other than periapse the
fragment below will NOT produce a "correct" type 15 segment
for modeling the motion of your object.)
First we get the osculating elements.
oscelt_c ( state, epoch, gm, elts );
From these collect the eccentricity and semi-latus rectum.
ecc = elts [ 1 ];
p = elts [ 0 ] * ( 1.0 + ecc );
Next get the trajectory pole vector and the
ucrss_c ( state, state+4, tp );
vhat_c ( state, pa );
Enable both J2 corrections.
j2flg = 0.0;
Now add the segment.
spkw15_c ( handle, body, center, frame, first, last,
segid, epoch, tp, pa, p, ecc,
j2flg, pv, gm, j2, radius );
N.J. Bachman (JPL)
W.L. Taber (JPL)
-CSPICE Version 1.0.1, 29-MAY-2012 (NJB)
Header was updated to relect changes in handling
of inputs `tp', `pa', and `pv' by the f2c'd routine
spkw15_. That routine now writes unit length
versions of these vectors to the output segment.
A header comment typo was corrected.
-CSPICE Version 1.0.0, 21-JUN-1999 (WLT)
Write a type 15 spk segment