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Procedure
Abstract
Required_Reading
Keywords
Brief_I/O
Detailed_Input
Detailed_Output
Parameters
Exceptions
Files
Particulars
Examples
Restrictions
Literature_References
Author_and_Institution
Version
Index_Entries

Procedure

   void inter_c (  SpiceCell   * a,
                   SpiceCell   * b,
                   SpiceCell   * c  ) 

Abstract

 
   Intersect two sets of any data type to form a third set. 
 

Required_Reading

 
   SETS 
 

Keywords

 
   CELLS, SETS 
 

Brief_I/O

   VARIABLE  I/O  DESCRIPTION 
   --------  ---  -------------------------------------------------- 
   a          I   First input set. 
   b          I   Second input set. 
   c          O   Intersection of a and b. 
 

Detailed_Input

 
   a           is a CSPICE set.  a must be declared as a SpiceCell 
               of data type character, double precision, or integer.

   b           is a CSPICE set, distinct from a.  b must have the 
               same data type as a.
 

Detailed_Output

 
   c           is a CSPICE set, distinct from sets a and b, which
               contains the intersection of a and b (that is, all of
               the elements which are in a AND b).  c must have the
               same data type as a and b.

               When comparing elements of character sets, this routine
               ignores trailing blanks.  Trailing blanks will be 
               trimmed from the members of the output set c.

Parameters

 
   None. 
 

Exceptions

   1) If the input set arguments don't have identical data types,
      the error SPICE(TYPEMISMATCH) is signaled.
 
   2) If the intersection of the two sets contains more elements than
      can be contained in the output set, the error SPICE(SETEXCESS) is
      signaled.

   3) If the set arguments have character type and the length of the 
      elements of the output set is less than the maximum of the 
      lengths of the elements of the input sets, the error 
      SPICE(ELEMENTSTOOSHORT) is signaled. 

   4) If any of the arguments may be unordered or contain 
      duplicates, the error SPICE(NOTASET) is signaled.
 

Files

 
   None. 

Particulars

   This is a generic CSPICE set routine; it operates on sets of any
   supported data type.
 
   The intersection of two sets contains every element 
   which is in the first set and in the second set. 

      {a,b}      intersect  {c,d}     =  {} 
      {a,b,c}               {b,c,d}      {b,c} 
      {a,b,c,d}             {}           {} 
      {}                    {a,b,c,d}    {} 
 

Examples

 
   1) The following code fragment places the intersection of the character
      sets planets and asteroids into the character set result.


         #include "SpiceUsr.h"
                .
                .
                .
         /.
         Declare the sets with string length NAMLEN and with maximum
         number of elements MAXSIZ.
         ./
         SPICECHAR_CELL ( planets,   MAXSIZ, NAMLEN );
         SPICECHAR_CELL ( asteroids, MAXSIZ, NAMLEN );
         SPICECHAR_CELL ( result,    MAXSIZ, NAMLEN );
                .
                .
                .
         /.
         Compute the intersection.
         ./
         inter_c ( &planets, &asteroids, &result );


   2) Repeat example #1, this time using integer sets containing
      ID codes of the bodies of interest.


         #include "SpiceUsr.h"
                .
                .
                .
         /.
         Declare the sets with maximum number of elements MAXSIZ.
         ./
         SPICEINT_CELL ( planets,   MAXSIZ );
         SPICEINT_CELL ( asteroids, MAXSIZ );
         SPICEINT_CELL ( result,    MAXSIZ );
                .
                .
                .
         /.
         Compute the intersection.
         ./
         inter_c ( &planets, &asteroids, &result );
 

Restrictions

 
   1) The output set must be distinct from both of the input sets. 
      For example, the following calls are invalid. 

         inter_c  ( &current,  &new,      &current );
         inter_c  ( &new,      &current,  &current );

      In each of the examples above, whether or not the subroutine 
      signals an error, the results will almost certainly be wrong. 
      Nearly the same effect can be achieved, however, by placing the 
      result into a temporary set, which is immediately copied back 
      into one of the input sets, as shown below. 

         inter_c  ( &current,  &new,  &temp );
         copy_c   ( &temp,     &new         );

 
   2) String comparisons performed by this routine are Fortran-style:
      trailing blanks in the input sets are ignored. This gives
      consistent behavior with CSPICE code generated by the f2c
      translator, as well as with the Fortran SPICE Toolkit.

      Note that this behavior is not identical to that of the ANSI
      C library functions strcmp and strncmp.

Literature_References

 
   None. 
 

Author_and_Institution

 
   N.J. Bachman    (JPL) 
   C.A. Curzon     (JPL) 
   W.L. Taber      (JPL) 
   I.M. Underwood  (JPL) 
 

Version

 
   -CSPICE Version 1.1.0, 15-FEB-2005 (NJB)

       Bug fix:  loop bound changed from 2 to 3 in loop used
       to free dynamically allocated arrays.

   -CSPICE Version 1.0.0, 08-AUG-2002 (NJB) (CAC) (WLT) (IMU)

Index_Entries

 
   intersection of two sets 
 
Wed Apr  5 17:54:37 2017