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dgeodr_c
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Procedure
Abstract
Required_Reading
Keywords
Brief_I/O
Detailed_Input
Detailed_Output
Parameters
Exceptions
Files
Particulars
Examples
Restrictions
Literature_References
Author_and_Institution
Version
Index_Entries

Procedure

   void dgeodr_c ( SpiceDouble   x,
                   SpiceDouble   y,
                   SpiceDouble   z,
                   SpiceDouble   re,
                   SpiceDouble   f,
                   SpiceDouble   jacobi[3][3] ) 

Abstract

 
   This routine computes the Jacobian of the transformation from 
   rectangular to geodetic coordinates. 
 

Required_Reading

 
   None. 
 

Keywords

 
   COORDINATES 
   DERIVATIVES 
   MATRIX 
 

Brief_I/O

 
   Variable  I/O  Description 
   --------  ---  -------------------------------------------------- 
   X          I   X-coordinate of point. 
   Y          I   Y-coordinate of point. 
   Z          I   Z-coordinate of point. 
   RE         I   Equatorial radius of the reference spheroid. 
   F          I   Flattening coefficient. 
   JACOBI     O   Matrix of partial derivatives. 
 

Detailed_Input

  
   x, 
   y, 
   z          are the rectangular coordinates of the point at 
              which the Jacobian of the map from rectangular 
              to geodetic coordinates is desired. 
 
   re         Equatorial radius of the reference spheroid. 
 
   f          Flattening coefficient = (re-rp) / re,  where rp is 
              the polar radius of the spheroid.  (More importantly 
              rp = re*(1-f).) 

Detailed_Output

 
   jacobi     is the matrix of partial derivatives of the conversion 
              between rectangular and geodetic coordinates.  It 
              has the form 
 
                  .-                            -. 
                  |  dlon/dx   dlon/dy  dlon/dz  | 
                  |  dlat/dx   dlat/dy  dlat/dz  | 
                  |  dalt/dx   dalt/dy  dalt/dz  | 
                  `-                            -' 
 
             evaluated at the input values of x, y, and z. 
 

Parameters

 
   None. 
 

Exceptions

 
    1) If the input point is on the z-axis (x and y = 0), the 
       Jacobian is undefined.  The error SPICE(POINTONZAXIS) 
       will be signaled. 
 
    2) If the flattening coefficient is greater than or equal to 
       one, the error SPICE(VALUEOUTOFRANGE) is signaled. 
 
    3) If the equatorial radius is not positive, the error 
       SPICE(BADRADIUS) is signaled. 
 

Files

 
   None. 
 

Particulars

 
   When performing vector calculations with velocities it is 
   usually most convenient to work in rectangular coordinates. 
   However, once the vector manipulations have been performed, 
   it is often desirable to convert the rectangular representations 
   into geodetic coordinates to gain insights about phenomena 
   in this coordinate frame. 
 
   To transform rectangular velocities to derivatives of coordinates 
   in a geodetic system, one uses the Jacobian of the transformation 
   between the two systems. 
 
   Given a state in rectangular coordinates 
 
      ( x, y, z, dx, dy, dz ) 
 
   the velocity in geodetic coordinates is given by the matrix  
   equation: 
                        t          |                     t 
      (dlon, dlat, dalt)   = jacobi|       * (dx, dy, dz) 
                                   |(x,y,z) 
 
   This routine computes the matrix  
 
            | 
      jacobi| 
            |(x, y, z) 
 
 

Examples

 
   Suppose one is given the bodyfixed rectangular state of an object 
   (x(t), y(t), z(t), dx(t), dy(t), dz(t)) as a function of time t. 
 
   To find the derivatives of the coordinates of the object in 
   bodyfixed geodetic coordinates, one simply multiplies the 
   Jacobian of the transformation from rectangular to geodetic 
   coordinates (evaluated at x(t), y(t), z(t)) by the rectangular  
   velocity vector of the object at time t. 
 
   In code this looks like: 
 
      #include "SpiceUsr.h"
          .
          .
          .

      /.
      Load the rectangular velocity vector vector recv. 
      ./ 
      recv[0] = dx_dt ( t );
      recv[1] = dy_dt ( t );
      recv[2] = dz_dt ( t );
 
      /. 
      Determine the Jacobian of the transformation from 
      rectangular to geodetic coordinates at the rectangular 
      coordinates at time t. 
      ./ 
      dgeodr_c ( x(t), y(t), z(t), re, f, jacobi );
 
      /.
      Multiply the Jacobian on the right by the rectangular 
      velocity to obtain the geodetic coordinate derivatives  
      geov. 
      ./ 
      mxv_c ( jacobi, recv, geov );
 
 

Restrictions

 
   None. 
 

Literature_References

 
   None. 
 

Author_and_Institution

 
   W.L. Taber     (JPL) 
   N.J. Bachman   (JPL)
 

Version

   -CSPICE Version 1.0.0, 18-JUL-2001 (WLT) (NJB)
 

Index_Entries

 
   Jacobian of geodetic  w.r.t. rectangular coordinates 
 
Wed Apr  5 17:54:31 2017