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utc2et_c
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Procedure
Abstract
Required_Reading
Keywords
Brief_I/O
Detailed_Input
Detailed_Output
Parameters
Exceptions
Files
Particulars
Examples
Restrictions
Literature_References
Author_and_Institution
Version
Index_Entries

Procedure

   void utc2et_c ( ConstSpiceChar  * utcstr,
                   SpiceDouble     * et      )

Abstract

   Convert an input time from Calendar or Julian Date format, UTC,
   to ephemeris seconds past J2000.

Required_Reading

   TIME, KERNEL

Keywords

   TIME


Brief_I/O

   VARIABLE  I/O  DESCRIPTION
   --------  ---  --------------------------------------------------
   utcstr     I   Input time string, UTC.
   et         O   Output epoch, ephemeris seconds past J2000.

Detailed_Input

   utcstr      is an input time string, containing a Calendar or
               Julian Date, UTC. Any input string acceptable to the
               routine tpartv_ are acceptable to utc2et_c. The length
               of utcstr should not exceed 80 characters.

Detailed_Output

   et          is the equivalent of utcstr, expressed in ephemeris
               seconds past J2000. If an error occurs, or if the
               input string is ambiguous, et is not changed.

Parameters

   None.

Exceptions

   1) If the input time string is ambiguous, the error
      SPICE(INVALIDTIMESTRING) is signalled.

   2) This routine does not attempt to account for variations
      in the length of the second that were in effect prior
      to Jan 1, 1972.  For days prior to that date, we assume
      there are exactly 86400 ephemeris seconds.

   3) The error SPICE(EMPTYSTRING) is signalled if the input
      string does not contain at least one character, since the
      input string cannot be converted to a Fortran-style string
      in this case.
      
   4) The error SPICE(NULLPOINTER) is signalled if the input string
      pointer is null.
      

Files

   None.

Particulars

   This routine handles that task of converting strings
   representing epochs in the UTC system to ephemeris seconds
   (TDB) past the epoch of the J2000 frame.

   Although this routine is intended primarily for the
   conversion of epochs during the "space age" it may also
   be used to convert much earlier epochs.  However, before
   using this routine to convert epochs prior to 1972
   you must be sure that the assumptions made by in the
   implementation are consistent with the accuracy of
   the input calendar string.

   As noted in the "Exceptions" section above, this routine
   does not attempt to account for variations in the
   length of the second that were used prior to Jan 1, 1972.
   Instead each "UTC" day prior to Jan 1, 1972 is assumed
   to have exactly 86400 TDT seconds.

Ancient Epochs

Examples

   Below is a sampling of some of the time formats that
   are acceptable as inputs to utc2et_c.  A complete discussion
   of permissible formats is given in the SPICE routine
   tpartv_ as well as the User's reference file time.req
   located in the "doc" directory of the toolkit.

   ISO (T) Formats.

   String                        Year Mon  DOY DOM  HR Min Sec
   ----------------------------  ---- ---  --- ---  -- --- ------
   1996-12-18T12:28:28           1996 Dec   na  18  12  28 28
   1986-01-18T12                 1986 Jan   na  18  12  00 00
   1986-01-18T12:19              1986 Jan   na  18  12  19 00
   1986-01-18T12:19:52.18        1986 Jan   na  18  12  19 52.18
   1995-08T18:28:12              1995  na  008  na  18  28 12
   1995-18T                      1995  na  018  na  00  00 00


   Calendar Formats.

   String                        Year   Mon DOM  HR Min  Sec
   ----------------------------  ----   --- ---  -- ---  ------
   Tue Aug  6 11:10:57  1996     1996   Aug  06  11  10  57
   1 DEC 1997 12:28:29.192       1997   Dec  01  12  28  29.192
   2/3/1996 17:18:12.002         1996   Feb  03  17  18  12.002
   Mar 2 12:18:17.287 1993       1993   Mar  02  12  18  17.287
   1992 11:18:28  3 Jul          1992   Jul  03  11  18  28
   June 12, 1989 01:21           1989   Jun  12  01  21  00
   1978/3/12 23:28:59.29         1978   Mar  12  23  28  59.29
   17JUN1982 18:28:28            1982   Jun  17  18  28  28
   13:28:28.128 1992 27 Jun      1992   Jun  27  13  28  28.128
   1972 27 jun 12:29             1972   Jun  27  12  29  00
   '93 Jan 23 12:29:47.289       1993*  Jan  23  12  29  47.289
   27 Jan 3, 19:12:28.182        2027*  Jan  03  19  12  28.182
   23 A.D. APR 4, 18:28:29.29    0023** Apr  04  18  28  29.29
   18 B.C. Jun 3, 12:29:28.291   -017** Jun  03  12  29  28.291
   29 Jun  30 12:29:29.298       2029+  Jun  30  12  29  29.298
   29 Jun '30 12:29:29.298       2030*  Jun  29  12  29  29.298

   Day of Year Formats

   String                        Year  DOY HR Min Sec
   ----------------------------  ----  --- -- --- ------
   1997-162::12:18:28.827        1997  162 12  18 28.827
   162-1996/12:28:28.287         1996  162 12  28 28.287
   1993-321/12:28:28.287         1993  231 12  28 28.287
   1992 183// 12 18 19           1992  183 12  18 19
   17:28:01.287 1992-272//       1992  272 17  28 01.287
   17:28:01.282 272-1994//       1994  272 17  28 01.282
   '92-271/ 12:28:30.291         1992* 271 12  28 30.291
   92-182/ 18:28:28.281          1992* 182 18  28 28.281
   182-92/ 12:29:29.192          0182+ 092 12  29 29.192
   182-'92/ 12:28:29.182         1992  182 12  28 29.182


   Julian Date Strings

   jd 28272.291                  Julian Date   28272.291
   2451515.2981 (JD)             Julian Date 2451515.2981
   2451515.2981 JD               Julian Date 2451515.2981

                                 Abbreviations Used in Tables

                                    na    --- Not Applicable
                                    Mon   --- Month
                                    DOY   --- Day of Year
                                    DOM   --- Day of Month
                                    Wkday --- Weekday
                                    Hr    --- Hour
                                    Min   --- Minutes
                                    Sec   --- Sec

   * The default interpretation of a year that has been abbreviated
   with a leading quote as in 'xy (such as '92) is to treat
   the year as 19xy if xy > 49 and to treat it is 20xy otherwise.
   Thus '52 is interpreted as 1952 and '47 is treated as 2047.
   However, you may change the "split point" and centuries through
   use of the SPICE routine tsetyr_.  See that routine for a discussion
   of how you may reset the split point.

   ** All epochs are regarded as belonging to the Gregorian
   calendar.  We formally extend the Gregorian calendar backward
   and forward in time for all epochs.  If you have epochs belonging
   to the Julian Calendar, consult the routines tpartv_ and JUL2GR
   for a discussion concerning conversions to the Gregorian
   calendar and et.

   +  When a day of year format or calendar format string is
   input and neither of integer components of the date
   is greater than 1000, the first integer
   is regarded as being the year.

Restrictions

   The conversion between et and UTC depends on the values in the
   input kernel pool. The kernel pool should be loaded prior to
   calling this routine.

   Before using this routine for epochs prior to Jan 1, 1972
   be sure to check the "Particulars" section to make sure
   that the assumptions made in this routine are consistent
   with the accuracy you require for your application.

Literature_References

   Jesperson and Fitz-Randolph, From Sundials to Atomic Clocks,
   Dover Publications, New York, 1977.

Author_and_Institution

   W.L. Taber      (JPL)
   W.M. Owen       (JPL)
   I.M. Underwood  (JPL)

Version

   -CSPICE Version 1.1.0, 08-FEB-1998 (NJB) (EDW)

      Re-implemented routine without dynamically allocated, temporary 
      strings. Corrected typo in chkout_c module name.

   -CSPICE Version 1.0.0, 25-OCT-1997   (EDW)

Index_Entries

   utc to ephemeris time
Wed Apr  5 17:54:46 2017